History of VE-Day: End of WWII in Europe 77 Years Ago

VE_DayHISTORY OF VE-DAY

Seventy-seven years ago today, World War II ended in Europe with the acceptance by the Allies of unconditional surrender from Germany on VE-Day.

Or did it?

 

May 7, 1945, VE-Day

Reims

SHAEF, Reims

Adolf Hitler had committed suicide in his Berlin bunker a week earlier on April 30, 1945, as I describe in my article on the liberation of Dachau.

At 2:41 AM on May 7, Allied General Dwight Eisenhower received the unconditional surrender of German General Alfred Jodi at Reims, France in a red brick building at the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF). It stipulated that hostilities were to cease at 11:01 PM the next day on May 8, 1945.

 

Reims Cathedral

Reims Cathedral

Reims is an old city with a history stretching back over two millennia and was an important eastern France city during the Roman Empire. Its Cathedral is renowned as the traditional site of the coronation of French kings going back to 496. Today, it is the gateway to the Champagne region. Along with nearby Épernay, it features many of the largest champagne houses. Years ago, I took a high-speed train ride from Paris 80 miles away to tour the Roman-built champaign caves of Reims.

 

Seventy-seven years ago, however, the Soviets did not recognize this as the official surrender because their representative in Reims lacked the authority to sign the document.

V-E Day celebration, London

VE-Day celebration, London

So May 7 was only recognized at the time by the British Commonwealth (though they celebrated it the next day), the rest of the Allies recognized it as a preliminary “military” surrender.

Or did they?

 

May 8, 1945, VE-Day

VE-Day NYC

VE-Day celebration, New York

The ceremony was repeated in Berlin, Germany where the surrender was signed by the Supreme German military commander Wilhelm Keitel and the Allied representatives. So the Allies celebrated VE-Day, or “Victory in Europe” officially at 11:01 PM on May 8 (CET.)

Except one.

 

May 9, 1945, VE-Day

Moscow Red Square

Victory Day celebration, Moscow

At 12:01 AM, May 9, a new day was beginning in the Soviet Union (Russia) when the surrender became official in a different time zone farther west in Berlin. So, the Soviet Union and its satellites recognize “Victory Day” on May 9.

“There was no vodka in Moscow on May 10; we drank it all.”

That is why seventy-seven years ago, Victory in Europe occurred across three days in May… depending on where you lived.

 

Bill Petro, your friendly neighborhood historian
billpetro.com

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About billpetro

Bill Petro has been a technology sales enablement executive with extensive experience in Cloud Computing, Automation, Data Center, Information Storage, Big Data/Analytics, Mobile, and Social technologies.

1 Comment

  1. Deadmandeadman one on May 8, 2020 at 8:18 am

    One of my Uncles, as well as my father, (but not together) Started in North Africa and slogged their way through Sicily and Italy. My dad was home on leave, picnicking with my mom on a hill overlooking Woonsocket RI when churchbells and sirens throughout the city started sounding. They ran down to town to find that Japan had surrendered. The city partied for two days.

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