HISTORY OF WORLD BACKUP DAY
There isn’t much history, as the first celebration of this geek holiday was in 2011. World Backup Day is only a decade old.
But the need is real, now more than ever before. Especially in light of this salient fact: April Fools’ Day. March 31, the day before, is an excellent time to check your backups. On the eve of the day famous for pranks, this might be your last chance.
You may have learned at the University of Hard Knocks that it’s not a question of “if” you’re going to lose your data, but “when.” Having a redundant copy of it can make all the difference, and you may be able to skip the course at U of HK on Pulling Your Hair Out.
According to worldbackupday.com and other sources:
- 83% own a computer
- 89% own a mobile phone
The bad news is:
- 25% do regular backups
- 60M computers will fail this year
- 30% of people have never backed up
- 113 phones are lost or stolen every minute, or 200,000 per year
- 43% of data loss is due to human error… or cockpit error, or that space between the seat back and the keyboard.
- 1 in 10 computers are infected with viruses each month
…and that does not even count the rise of ransomware incidences, which can immobilize consumers and paralyze businesses. A few years ago the city of Atlanta was held hostage by cyberattackers for $51,000 in bitcoin. Residents were unable to pay bills, go online to switch on water services, and the municipal courts were closed. Recently sixteen hospitals in the UK had to cancel appointments and non-essential surgeries due to a ransomware attack.
Now, your friendly neighborhood historian is all about redundancy, all about redundancy — and he’s happy to tell you this over and over again, many times in a repetitive fashion. But then, he used to be Product Marketing Manager for Backup Software in a previous role. The first thing he does when he gets a new computer is set up the backup routine.
How to Backup
There are essentially three ways you can protect your computer, laptop, or smartphone data — whether it’s via syncing, copying, or backing up…
1. Removable media
You can backup to tape (how 20th century), optical (how last millennium), thumb drive, or memory card. In many cases, while the capacity may be limited compared to other technologies, it has the advantage of being mobile. You can take it with you, or offsite against the threat of disaster.
- Pros: cheap, portable
- Cons: slow, limited capacity, losable
2. Hard disk media
You can backup or sync to either a local hard drive or even a solid-state drive (SSD) which is often faster than removable media and offers greater capacity. It can be automated via backup software or even system software like Apple’s TimeMachine or Window’s Backup and Restore Center. However, unless it’s a mini-drive, it’s probably permanently attached to your computer, and rarely taken offsite. So you’ve got protection, but not disaster recovery capabilities.
- Pros: faster, greater capacity
- Cons: more expensive, local
3. Cloud backup
Cloud computing is a popular trend that I write about elsewhere, and Backup as a Service (BaaS, a subset of Data Protection as a Service) is an increasingly easy and effortless way to do a backup. Using consumer services like iDrive, Acronis, or Carbonite, you can send your data across the Internet to a Data Center, where your information is stored in their storage arrays.
Good news: relatively inexpensive monthly or annual subscription for the service, and you don’t have to buy any hardware.
Bad news: it can take days or weeks to initially back up all your data into the “cloud,” but after that only incremental changes are uploaded.
But the big difference here is that your data is offsite, in case there is a disaster at your office or home. You can recover it over the Internet — which could take a long time — or some services will ship you a hard drive or DVD with your data, for an additional fee.
- Pros: set it and forget it, amortized subscription pricing, offsite
- Cons: slow initial backup, slow restore, may offer limited free capacity (Example: iCloud, iDrive), the policy may change. Example: CrashPlan no longer offers a consumer product. Mozy Backup from Berkeley Data Systems, once owned by EMC (now Dell) then Carbonite, has been shut down.
Which is the best? A combination of more than one of these is a Best Practice. One study shows that of those who do a backup, 54% have only one backup, 45% of business data users have more than two copies. I do three: local removable media, local hard drive, and cloud backup.
It’s even more important to test that backup, to see if you can successfully recover your data from the backup. I use all three methods: different media, different locations. And it’s always good to have one backup offsite. Redundancy of data is important.
And this article will go out through my blog, Twitter, Facebook, Substack, Medium, and Vocal Media.
The real test though is this: have you celebrated a successful World Data Recovery Day?
Bill Petro, your friendly neighborhood historian